Chemical elements
  Arsenic
      Occurrence
      Ubiquity
      History
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Aluminium Arsenide
      Antimony Arsenides
      Barium Arsenide
      Bismuth Arsenides
      Cadmium Arsenides
      Calcium Arsenide
      Cerium Arsenide
      Chromium Arsenides
      Cobalt Arsenides
      Copper Arsenides
      Gold Arsenides
      Iridium Arsenide
      Iron Arsenides
      Lead Arsenides
      Lithium Arsenide
      Magnesium Arsenide
      Manganese Arsenides
      Mercury Arsenides
      Molybdenum Arsenide
      Nickel Arsenides
      Niobium Arsenide
      Palladium Di-arsenide
      Platinum Arsenides
      Potassium Arsenides
      Rhodium Arsenide
      Ruthenium Arsenide
      Silver Arsenides
      Sodium Arsenide
      Strontium Arsenide
      Thallium Arsenide
      Tin Arsenides
      Tungsten Arsenide
      Uranium Arsenide
      Zinc Arsenides
      Arsenic Subhydride
      Arsenic Monohydride
      Arsenic Trihydride
      Arsenic Trifluoride
      Arsenic Pentafluoride
      Arsenic Nitrosyl Hexafluoride
      Arsenic Trichloride
      Arsenic Oxychloride
      Arsenic Pentachloride
      Arsenic Tribromide
      Arsenic Oxybromide
      Arsenic Moniodide
      Arsenic Diiodide
      Arsenic Triiodide
      Arsenic Pentiodide
      Arsenic Suboxide
      Arsenious Oxide
      Aluminium Arsenite
      Ammonium Arsenites
      Antimony Arsenite
      Barium Arsenites
      Beryllium Arsenite
      Bismuth Arsenite
      Cadmium Arsenites
      Calcium Arsenites
      Chromic Arsenite
      Cobalt Arsenites
      Copper Arsenites
      Gold Arsenites
      Iron Arsenites
      Lead Arsenites
      Lithium Arsenite
      Magnesium Arsenites
      Manganese Arsenites
      Mercury Arsenites
      Nickel Arsenites
      Palladium Pyroarsenite
      Platinum Arsenites
      Potassium Arsenites
      Arsenites of Rare Earth Metals
      Rubidium Metarsenite
      Silver Arsenites
      Sodium Arsenites
      Strontium Arsenites
      Thallous Orthoarsenite
      Tin Arsenites
      Titanyl Tetrarsenite
      Tungsto-arsenites
      Uranyl Metarsenite
      Zinc Arsenites
      Zirconium Arsenite
      Arsenic Tetroxide
      Arsenic Pentoxide
      Aluminium Arsenates
      Ammonium Arsenates
      Barium Arsenates
      Beryllium Arsenates
      Bismuth Arsenates
      Cadmium Arsenates
      Caesium Arsenate
      Calcium Arsenates
      Chromium Arsenates
      Cobalt Arsenates
      Copper Arsenates
      Hydroxylamine Orthoarsenate
      Iron Arsenates
      Lead Arsenates
      Lithium Arsenates
      Magnesium Arsenates
      Manganese Arsenates
      Mercury Arsenates
      Molybdenum Arsenates
      Nickel Arsenates
      Palladium Arsenate
      Platinic Arsenate
      Potassium Arsenates
      Rare Earth Metals Arsenates
      Rhodium Arsenate
      Rubidium Arsenates
      Silver Arsenates
      Sodium Arsenates
      Strontium Arsenates
      Thallium Arsenates
      Thorium Arsenates
      Tin Arsenates
      Titanyl Arsenate
      Tungsto-arsenic Acids
      Uranium Arsenates
      Vanado-arsenates
      Zinc Arsenates
      Zirconium Arsenates
      Perarsenates
      Arsenic and Sulphur
      Arsenic Subsulphide
      Tetrarsenic Trisulphide
      Arsenic Disulphide
      Arsenic Trisulphide
      Arsenic Pentasulphide
      Thioarsenates
      Ammonium Thioarsenates
      Antimony Thioarsenate
      Barium Thioarsenates
      Beryllium Thioarsenate
      Bismuth Thioarsenate
      Cadmium Thioarsenates
      Calcium Thioarsenates
      Cerium Thioarsenates
      Chromium Thioarsenate
      Cobalt Thioarsenate
      Copper Thioarsenates
      Gold Thioarsenates
      Iron Thioarsenates
      Lead Thioarsenates
      Lithium Thioarsenates
      Magnesium Thioarsenates
      Manganese Thioarsenates
      Mercury Thioarsenates
      Molybdenum Thioarsenates
      Nickel Thioarsenates
      Platinic Thioarsenate
      Potassium Thioarsenates
      Silver Thioarsenates
      Sodium Thioarsenates
      Strontium Thioarsenates
      Thallium Orthothioarsenate
      Tin Thioarsenates
      Uranyl Thioarsenate
      Yttrium Thioarsenate
      Zinc Thioarsenates
      Zirconium Thioarsenate
      Trioxythioarsenic Acid
      Dioxydithioarsenic Acid
      Oxytrithioarsenic Acid
      Arsenic Monosulphatotrioxide
      Arsenic Disulphatotrioxide
      Arsenic Trisulphatotrioxide
      Arsenic Tetrasulphatotrioxide
      Arsenic Hexasulphatotrioxide
      Arsenic Octasulphatotrioxide
      Complex salts of Sulphato-compounds of Arsenic
      Arsenic Nitride
      Arsenic Imide
      Arsenic Amide
      Arsenic Phosphides
      Arsenic oxyphosphides
      Arsenic Phosphate
      Arsenic Thiophosphate
      Arsenic Tricarbide
      Arsenic Pentasilicide
      Boron Arsenate
    Detection of Arsenic
    Estimation of Arsenic
    Physiological Properties
    PDB 1b92-1ihu
    PDB 1ii0-1tnd
    PDB 1tql-2hmh
    PDB 2hx2-2xnq
    PDB 2xod-3htw
    PDB 3hzf-3od5
    PDB 3ouu-9nse

Arsenic Pentiodide, AsI5






When a mixture of arsenic and iodine in the requisite proportions is heated in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide in a sealed tube at 150° C., a brown crystalline product is obtained. The crystals, which melt at 70° C. and have density 3.93, are soluble in water, carbon disulphide, alcohol, ether and chloroform. The solution in carbon disulphide yields, when allowed to crystallise, a mixture of arsenic triiodide and iodine. The latter is readily lost from the pentiodide, and heating at 100° C. in nitrogen in a sealed tube brings about the decomposition. Like the triiodide, the pentiodide dissolves boron tribromide.

The fusion curve of mixtures of arsenic and iodine shows no evidence of the formation of a pentiodide, but there is a eutectic, of freezing point 71.5° C., which has the approximate composition of this substance. The absorption spectrum of the solution in carbon disulphide is similar to that of a mixture of the triiodide and iodine.

A series of double compounds of arsenious oxide and the iodides of bivalent light and heavy metals has been described. The compounds are obtained in crystalline form by saturating hot moderately concentrated solutions of the iodides with arsenious oxide and allowing to cool. The following have been prepared:

BeI2.3As2O3.8H2O
Mg (or Ca or Sr)I2.3As2O3.12H2O
BaI2.3As2O3.9H2O
ZnI2.3As2O3. 10H2O
Mn (or Fe or Co)I2.4As2O3.12H2O
NiI2.4As2O3.10H2O
Also AlI3.6As2O3.18(?)H2O

These compounds resemble in properties the arsenites of the metals, the characters of the iodides being suppressed. They are moderately stable in dry air but tend to become oxidised on keeping. With the exception of the magnesium compound they are slightly soluble in water, the solution apparently containing a complex salt with a simple metallic cation. When heated with water they undergo partial decomposition into the iodide and arsenious oxide.

Similar compounds of the alkali metals are also known, but except in the case of the lithium salt, LiI.2As2O3.3H2O, prepared as above, the crystals are anhydrous. Thus a solution containing ammonium dihydrogen arsenite, ammonium iodide and arsenious oxide yields hexagonal prisms of composition NH41.2As2O3, stable up to 180° C. The sodium salt, NaI.2As2O3, crystallises from a hot solution containing sodium iodide and arsenious oxide or sodium arsenite; it is decomposed by water. Two potassium salts are known: KI.As2O3, which separates in yellow plates from a hot solution containing potassium iodide and arsenic triiodide in dilute hydriodic acid, and also KI.2As2O3, prepared analogously to the sodium salt. The rubidium salt, RbI.As2O3, and the ccesium salt, CsI.As2O3, have been obtained by the method used for the corresponding potassium salt.

A complex bromiodide of mercury and arsenic, AsHg6Br12I3, presumably the arsenic salt of the acid HI(HgBr2)2, prepared by addition of hydriodic acid to a benzene solution of mercuric bromide, has been obtained.


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